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何伟:新发展阶段下数字化转型的政策逻辑

2021-09-30 12:30:31 大发体育

  大发体育9YUE30RIDIAN TI:《HEWEI:XINFAZHANJIEDUANXIASHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHENGCELUOJI》

  ZUOZHE HEWEI(ZHONGGUOXINXITONGXINYANJIUYUANZHENGCEYUJINGJIYANJIUSUOFUSUOZHANG)

  JINNIANLAI,TEBIESHI2020NIANYIQINGYILAI,SHUZIHUAZHUANXINGXUNSUCHENGWEIQUANSHEHUIGUANZHUDEREDIAN,GUOJIAGAODUZHONGSHISHUZIHUAZHUANXINGGONGZUO,CHUTAILEYIXILIEZHENGCEJUCUO。ZHONGGUOTUIJINSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGXIANGGUANZHENGCEBEIHOUDELUOJISHISHENME?XIAYIBUZHENGCECENGMIANRUHETUIDONGSHUZIHUAZHUANXING?BENWENSHIYIFENXI。

  一、当前数字化转型的政策动向

  SHUZIHUAZHUANXINGCHENGWEIDANGXIAREMENHUATI,ZHEIZHUYAOSHOUGONGXULIANGFANGMIANDETUIDONG。GONGJIFANGMIAN,5G、GONGYEHULIANWANG、RENGONGZHINENGDENGXINDESHUZIJISHUJIASUJINBUHEYINGYONGTUIGUANG,WEISHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDIANDINGLEJIANSHIJICHU。XUQIUFANGMIAN,ZHONGGUOGUANGDAQIYE,TEBIESHISHITIQIYEZHENGCHUZAIXINJIUDONGNENGZHUANHUANDEGUANJIANSHIQI,DOUXIWANGTONGGUOSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGWAJUEFAZHANHONGLI。TEBIESHI2020NIANYIQINGCUIHUAZHIXIA,QIYEDESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGGENGSHIREQINGGAOZHANG。2021NIAN7YUE,GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUBUZHANGXIAOYAQINGZAISHUMINGWENZHANGZHONGZHICHU,DUIZHIZAOYEFAZHANERYAN,SHUZIHUAZHUANXINGYIBUSHI“XUANZETI”,ERSHIGUANHUSHENGCUNHEZHANGYUANFAZHANDE“BIXIUKE”。ZHEIBADANGXIAQIYESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEPOQIEXINGHEZHUDONGXINGSHENGDONGDIMIAOHUILECHULAI。

  WEIRAOSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGZHEIYIZHONGYAOGONGZUO,ZHONGYANGHEGEDI、GEBUMENDOUCHUTAILEYIXILIEZHENGCE,QIZHONGLIANGGEFANGMIANDEZHENGCEDONGXIANGZHIDEGUANZHU。YISHIZHENGCEDIWEIGENGGAO。GUOQUSUIRANYOUHENDUOZHENGCETUIDONGSHUZIJISHUYUCHANYERONGHE,DAN“SHUZIHUAZHUANXING”ZHIJIEXIERUZHENGCEDEJIAOSHAO。2020NIANYILAI,GONGXINBU、GUOZIWEIDENGXIANGJICHUTAITUIDONG“SHUZIHUAZHUANXING”DEZHENGCEWENJIAN。“SHISIWU”GUIHUAGANGYAOTICHUTUIDONG“CHANYESHUZIHUAZHUANXING”,ZHEIBIAOZHIZHESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGZHENGSHISHANGSHENGWEIGUOJIAMINGQUEDEZHENGCEFANGXIANG。ERSHIZHENGCEJUCUOGENGSHI。DANGQIANGEDIDOUZAIJIAQIANGZHENGCELUODIDELIDU,BEIJING、SHANGHAI、GUANGDONGDENGDIDOUCHUTAILESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHENGCEWENJIAN,FENFENTUICHUSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGZHENGCEJUCUOHEYIXILIEJILIJIZHI、TESEZUOFA,FUGAILECONGJISHUTUIDONGDAOYINGYONGLADONG,CONGQIYEZHUDAODAOCHANYEFUNENG,CONGSHIDIANSHIFANDAOGUIMOHUATUIGUANGDENGGEGEFANGMIAN,QUANMIAN、XITONG、JINGXIHUA、KECAOZUO,BIANZHILEYIZHANGTUIJINSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGLUODISHISHIDEZHENGCEWANG。

  二、数字化转型政策演进背后的逻辑

  DANGQIAN,ZHONGGUOSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHENGCEGONGJUGENGFENGFU,ZHENGCETIXIGENGWANBEI,ZHENGCECUOSHIGENGJUKECAOZUOXING,ZHEIXIEZHENGCEXINBIANHUABEIHOUDEZHUYAOLUOJIJIZHONGZAISANGEFANGMIAN:

  YISHISHIYINGXINJISHUBUDUANYANJINDEZHUDONGXUANZE。JISHUDEDIEDAIGENGXINSHISHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEDONGLIYUAN。5G、DASHUJU、RENGONGZHINENG、QUKUAILIANDENGXINJISHUBUDUANYANJINSHENGJI,YOUQISHIYUCHUANTONGXINGYEDEJISHUDERONGHESHENDUGUANGDUBUDUANJIASHEN,FUNENGZUOYONGBUDUANJIAQIANG,CHUANGZAODEYINGYONGCHANGJINGYEGENGJIAFENGFU。ZHEIJIUYAOQIU,WOMENZHUDONGSHIYINGJISHUYANJINGUILV,JIANGZHENGCECONG“HULIANWANG+”TUOZHANDAO“5G+”“ZHINENG+”DENGXINDELINGYUHEFANWEI,BIRU5GYINGYONG“YANGFAN”XINGDONGJIHUA、“5G+GONGYEHULIANWANG”512GONGCHENGDENGJIUSHIZHEILEIZHENGCEYINGYONG。ZHIYOUYUSHIJUJIN,CAINENGZHUDONGBAWOSHUZIJISHUYANJINDETEDIAN,CAINENGTUIDONGZHUANXINGQUDEQIESHIYOUXIAODECHENGGUO。

  ERSHISHIYINGXINXUQIUBUDUANZHUANBIANDEXIANSHIXUYAO。GUOQU20NIAN,XIAOFEILINGYUSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGXUNSUKUOZHANG,MUQIANYIJINGXINGCHENGWENDINGDEFAZHANGEJU,SHICHANGJINGZHENGYEJINRUHONGHAI。JINNIANLAI,WOMENZHUYIDAOSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGKAISHICONGXIAOFEIFUWULINGYUJIASUXIANGGONGYEZHIZAOYELINGYUYANSHEN。ZHEIYIWEIZHESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGGENGDADEXUQIUJIANGLAIZIYUYIZHIZAOYEWEIZHUDESHITIJINGJI。ZHIZAOYEYINGYONGCHANGJINGDUO、FAZHANKONGJIANDA,ZHENGCHENGWEISHUZIHUAZHUANXINGJIAODIAN,HAISHIYIPIANLANHAI。ZHENGCECENGMIANGUANZHUDAOZHEIGEQUSHI,ZAIGONGYEHULIANWANG、ZHINENGZHIZAOLINGYUCHUTAILEXILIEZHENGCE,JIJIMANZUCHUANTONGQIYEXINDEZHUANXINGXUQIU,YOULIDIFUNENGLESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGJINCHENG。

  SANSHISHIYINGXINYAOSUKUAISUFAZHANDEQIANZHANBUJU。CONGGENGBENZHIDEJIAODUKAN,SHUJUYIJINGCHENGWEIXINDEGUANJIANSHENGCHANYAOSU。ZAISHUJUQUDONGXIA,SHUZIHUAZHUANXINGBIRANCONGWEIRAOYOUHUALIUCHENGXIANGSHUJUWAJUE、ZHINENGFENXIDENGGENGSHENCENGCIYINGYONGFAZHAN。RUHEQIANGHUASHUJUQUDONGZHEIGEHEXINLUOJI,TUIDONGSHUJUYAOSUQIANLIDEBUDUANSHIFANGCHENGWEIDANGQIAN“SHUZIHUAZHUANXING”ZHENGCEDEZHONGXINHENANDIAN。JINYIDUANSHIJIANYILAI,WEIRAOSHUJUYAOSUJIAZHIDEFAJUE、SHUJUFUNENGZUOYONGDETIXIAN,GUOJIAYECHUTAILE《GUANYUGOUJIANGENGJIAWANSHANDEYAOSUSHICHANGHUAPEIZHITIZHIJIZHIDEYIJIAN》《GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUGUANYUGONGYEDASHUJUFAZHANDEZHIDAOYIJIAN》DENGXILIEZHENGCE,GUANYUSHUJUYAOSUFUNENGSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHENGCETANSUOHAIJIANGSHIWEILAIDEYIGEZHONGYAOFANGXIANG。

  三、下一步推动数字化转型的政策思考

  JIEHEJISHUGONGJI、YINGYONGXUQIUHESHUJUYAOSUDENGFANGMIANDEXINBIANHUA,HAIYAOBUDUANDAZAOGENGWANBEIDEZHENGCETIXI,GENGHAODIFUWUSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGZHANLVEHESHIJIAN。CONGZHENGCEJIAODU,WOMENRENWEIZHUYAOCONGSANGEFANGMIANRUSHOU:

  YISHIZHUACHANGJINGYINLING。HAILIANGSHUJUHEFENGFUYINGYONGCHANGJINGSHIZHONGGUOSHUZIJINGJIDEZUIDAYOUSHI。SHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHENGCEJUCUO,YINGGAILAOLAOQIANZHUYINGYONGCHANGJINGZHEIGE“NIUBIZI”,WEIRAO5G、GONGYEHULIANWANG、RENGONGZHINENGDENGSHUZIJICHUSHESHIHEZHUYAODEFUNENGJISHU,JIANCHIYIYONGHUSHIJIAOKANDAISHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEXUQIU,TUICHUYIPIJUYOUBIAOGANYIYIDEYINGYONGCHANGJING,JIANSHEYIPIJUYOUSHIFANYIYIDESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGTIYANZHONGXIN,QIESHIYINLINGQIYEHEYONGHUGONGTONGCHUANGXINYINGYONGCHANGJING,FANGDAYINGYONGJIAZHI,QUANMIANJIFASHUZIJISHUCHANYEHUAGUIMOHUAYINGYONGDEREQING。

  ERSHIZHUAZHUTIPEIYU。QIYESHISHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHUTI。WEIRAOQIYEZHUANXINGZHUTIDEDIWEI,ZHONGGUOYIJINGTUICHULEYIXILIEZHENGCEJUCUO,ZHULISHUZIHUAZHUANXINGLUODIJIANXIAO。BIRUZHONGGUOMIANXIANGZHONGXIAOQIYE,ZHIDINGLE《ZHONGXIAOQIYESHUZIHUAFUNENGZHUANXIANGXINGDONGFANGAN》;TUICHU“SHUZIHUAZHUANXINGHUOBANXINGDONG”,JIAKUAIZHONGXIAOQIYE“SHANGYUNYONGSHUFUZHI”;MIANXIANGDAXINGGUOYOUQIYE,YINFA《GUANYUJIAKUAITUIJINGUOYOUQIYESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGGONGZUODETONGZHI》,JINYIBUQIANGHUALEGUOQISHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDELONGTOUZUOYONG。XIAYIBU,YINGGAIJIXUQIANGHUAZHENGCESHOUDUAN,HANGSHIQIYEZHUTIDESHUZIHUANENGLI,DAZAODAQIYESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGZHULIJUN,TONGSHIYINDAODAIDONGZHONGXIAOQIYETONGGUOSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGZOU“ZHUANJINGTEXIN”FAZHANDAOLU。

  SANSHIZHUASHENGTAIGOUJIAN。SHUZIHUAZHUANXINGBUSHIQIYEDANQIANGPIMAJIUNENGGANCHENGDE,TEBIESHIZHONGXIAOQIYESHUZIHUANENGLIHAIBIJIAORUO。XIAYIBUZHENGCEZHONGDIANYINGGAISHIZHELIGOUJIANWEIQIYESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGTIGONGZHICHENGHEFUWUDESHENGTAITIXI,ZHUYAOBAOKUOLIANGLEISHENGTAI:DIYILEISHIYINGYONGSHENGTAI,ZHONGDIANSHIMIANXIANG5G、RENGONGZHINENG、QUKUAILIANDENGXINJISHU,ZAIGUIMOHUAYINGYONGDECHUQI,TONGGUOYINGYONGDASAI、SHIFANYINLINGDENGZHENGCESHOUDUAN,MINGQUEYINGYONGCHANGJINGHELUJING,JIANGDIYINGYONGDEBUQUEDINGXINGHECHENGBEN。DIERGESHIFUWUSHENGTAI,ZHONGDIANSHIYITUOCHANYELIANMENG、XINGYEXIEHUI、CHANYEYUANQUHEJIQUN,TONGGUOJIANSHECHANYEPINGTAI、SHUZIHUAZHUANXINGCUJINZHONGXINDENGFANGSHI,JIJUGEFANGZIYUAN,WEIQIYEZHUANXINGTIGONGCESHIYANZHENG、TUIGUANGJIEJUEFANGANDENGFUWU,JIEJUEQIYEBUNENGZHUAN、BUHUIZHUANDENANTI。(YUANZIZHONGGUOXINTONGYUANSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGZHUANJIATAN)(大发体育APP)

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